Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Black People with Blue Eyes

Black People with Blue Eyes
Natural Phenomenon
  Genetic Mutation?

Frank Sinatra’s were legendary, Paul Newman’s melted a million hearts in Hollywood.
However, it’s generally believed that black people do not possess blue eyes.  These striking eyes have always been associated with the Caucasians. However there  is a small percentage of African people born with bright cerulean-blue eyes.
 Actress Vanessa WIlliams and actor Michael Healey are well known personalities with blue eyes.
Haitian girl with beautiful blue eyes

So why do some few black people have ‘blue eyes’?
One answer, according to scientists, is attributed to genetic mutation or Waardenburg syndrome (WS),which is a rare (1/40,000) disease characterized by sensorineural deafness in association with pigmentary anomalies and defects of neural-crest-derived tissues.
Blue eye African-American
However, it is also a historical truth the Africans colonized Europe over 10,000 years ago and they were in fact the first homo sapiens to cross Europe to Asia and South Pacific. Could it also be that some blacks with blue eyes may have inherited them from  their ancient  African ancestors and whites that inter-bred during Africa`s colonization of Europe? This question has become more relevant as some few children born of both African/100% black parents possesses ‘blue eyes’.
African boy with blue eyes.
This photo is, perhaps, the best example of a black African, non-mulatto, non-albino, with blue eyes. Also, the boy in the picture does not appear to have Waardenberg Syndrome, also a source of blue eyes in blacks. This leaves the strong possibility of a rare mutation of a key eye color gene.
Sierra Leone  boy with Blue eyes
There are four types of Waardenburg Syndrome, with a mix of possible characteristics as the determinant. The boy in the picture above is displaying two major symptoms of type 1, as does the previous boy (perhaps) (); bright blue eyes and dystopia canthorum, a condition where the inner corners of the eyes are set more widely apart, but with normally distanced eyes.
Waardenburg occurs once in every 42,000 births, and is a deficiency inherited from a single parent, who may or may not display similar characteristics. Regarding the eye, color abnormalities come in three forms; heterochromia (multiple colors), bilateral isohypochromia (pale blue eyes), or fundus (reflective) pigmentary alterations (spottiness).
Laren Galloway (blue eyed black child)
So, besides naturally occurring genetic blue eyes in dark skinned people, as previously discussed, understanding Waardenburg’s is another avenue of accurately recognising phenotype (gene expression) in eye color.
How and why blue eyes arose has always been something of a genetic mystery. Until now.
According to a team of researchers from Copenhagen University, a single mutation which arose as recently as 6-10,000 years ago was responsible for all the blue-eyed people alive on Earth today.
The team, whose research is published in the journal Human Genetics, identified a single mutation in a gene called OCA2, which arose by chance somewhere around the northwest coasts of the Black Sea in one single individual, about 8,000 years ago.
Actor Michael Ealy has sky blue eyes.
The gene does not “make” blue in the iris; rather, it turns off the mechanism which produces brown melanin pigment. “Originally, we all had brown eyes,” says Dr Hans Eiberg, who led the team.
And most people still do. The finding that a rare mutation, probably dispersed in the rapid wave of colonization that followed the end of the last ice age, highlights one of the great mysteries of human evolution: the oddness of Europeans.
Those from Europe and the Near-East have many characteristics that set them apart from the rest of the human race.

Zimbawean boy with blue eyes
Not only are Europeans far more likely to have blue eyes (95 per cent in some Scandinavian countries), they also have a far greater range of skin tones and hair color than any other ethnic grouping.It is only in Europe that you will find large numbers of blondes and redheads, brunettes, pale skins and olive skins, blue-eyed and green-eyed people living together in the same communities. Across the rest of the world people are almost uniformly dark-haired and dark-eyed.
Why this should be remains unknown, and in particular how such mutations can have arisen so quickly since Europe was colonized by Africans just a few tens of thousands of years ago.
One theory is that Europe’s cold weather and dark skies played a part. Fair skin is better at making Vitamin D from the 8 per cent of the world’s population have blue eyes weak sunlight found in northern latitudes.
Another suggestion is that the strange skin, eye and hair colors seen in Europe are down to ancient interbreeding with the Neanderthals, who died out about 25,000 years ago.
Maybe the Neanderthals were blonde or red-haired and it is their genes which we have inherited. The trouble with this theory is that there is no evidence, from the scraps of Neanderthal DNA that have been recovered from bones, that there was any substantial interbreeding between them and Homo sapiens at all.
Perhaps the most plausible theory is that blonde hair and blue eyes arose because of a mechanism called sex selection.
This is where males and females choose as their mates those who have one unusual physical characteristic, not necessarily associated with “fitness” per se but simply something unusual.
The gigantic (and otherwise useless) tail of the peacock is the best example.
Sex selection comes to the fore when there is a lot of competition for mates of one sex or the other. The theory is that in Europe, where men had to spend weeks at a time out on the hunt, males were in very short supply.
In such societies, women who had flaxen locks stood a better chance of standing out and attracting the attention of the few men that would have been available for mating.
Even back then, the blue-eyed blonde was not only in demand, but also definitely would have had more fun.
 Actor Chris Williams the brother of  Vanessa Williams has true blue eyes

All blue-eyed people can be traced back to one ancestor who lived 10,000 years ago near the Black Sea


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-511473/All-blue-eyed-people-traced-ancestor-lived-10-000-years-ago-near-Black-Sea.html#axzz2JygCna42

Monday, November 28, 2016

Top 10 Reasons Why Haitians Can NOT be Terrorists !!

These Are the Top 10 Reasons
Why Haitians Can NOT be Terrorists...

1.) 6:00 am is too damned early for us to be up.

2.) We are always late, we would have missed all 4 flights.

3.) The good looking people on the plane distract us.

4.) We are looooooud. We talk loudly and and attract too much attention to ourselves.

5.) With food and drinks on the plane, we would forget why we were there & loose track of the mission.

6.) Since We talk with our hands, we would have to put our weapons down.

7.) We would ALL want to fly the plane and argue over who gets to be the pilot

8.) We would start several fights in the plane.

9.) We can't keep a secret; we would have told everyone a week before doing it.

10.) We would have put our Haitian flag on the windshield !!!!!




Saturday, November 26, 2016

Shoogar Combo - Lèlène Chérie

Shoogar Combo
Lèlène Chérie

Separasyon bagay ki di Nou soti New York
Lèlène cheri pa konprann ke ap gen on chanjman lè’n soti New York
Ou se ti kè’m  Nou pase Kanada
Mwen pa sa kite’w lè’n soti Kanada
Kounye a se nan foto m’ap we’w  Nou pase Miami
Lè swa m kouche lè’n soti Miami
M pa sa domi Nou pase a Paris
Map mande lè’n soti a Paris
Ki lè w’ap retounen?  Nou pase la Guyane
Paske m’ap tann ou  lè’n soti la Guyane
San pran souf Nou pase Matinik
Pou nou viv bon moman lè’n soti Matinik
M pa sa kite’w Nou pase Gwadloup
Ou pa sa kite’m lè’n soti Gwadloup
Sa fè nou de zan Nou pase Poto Riko
youn pa karese lot lè’n soti Poto Riko
Li lè pou ou retounen lakay Nou tonbe Ayiti
Paske de pye’m pa kont Nou tonbe Ayiti
Chorus Nou rive lelanbi
Lèlène Cheri (4x) Pa bliye pa bliye Lèlène (2x)
W’ale Se gwo zen (2x)
Lèlène cheri w’ale nan New York City Ou renmen ti bef
Fo’w’pa bliye pou’w pa ekri paran’w yo Pou kisa ou renmen’l?
Yo di’m nan New York genyen anpil fredi Ou genlè renmen ti bef
Ou gen manman’w Pou kisa ou renmen’l (2x)
Ou gen papa’w Renmen renmen renmen
Ou gen ti se’w Renmen ou renmen ti bef. (4x)
Ou gen ma tante’w Ou renmen ti bef
Ou gen kouzin’w Pou kisa ou renmen’l? 
Ou gen neve’w Ou genlè renmen ti bef
Pa bliye pa bliye Lèlène (2x) Pou kisa ou renmen’l (2x)
Se gwo zen (2x) Lèlène Tonnè kraze’m ou renmen’l
Lèlène Cherie Renmen ou renmen ti bef. (4x)
Se gwo zen (2x) Lèlène Ou te pati’w pa’t di’m
Lèlène Cherie Mwen te pati an bref (3x)
Chorus repeat Ou te pati’w pa’t di’m
Pa bliye pa bliye Lèlène (2x)
Se gwo zen (2x)